Comparing Ipe to Tigerwood | TigerDeck

Comparing Ipe to Tigerwood

What are the differences between the two best decking materials, Ipe (Tabebuia Spp) and Tiger Deck (Astronium Spp)? These comparisons are taken from various 3rd party researchers listed at bottom.

Ipe

Confined to low elevations in Continental tropical America and some of the Lesser Antilles.

TIGER DECK

Wide distribution from southern Mexico to N. Argentina, east of the Andes Mts. Elevations from 300 to 3,000 ft. semi arid to tropical climates.

Ipe

Slow growing climax specie lives to 250 – 300 years

Tiger Deck

Fast growing pioneer specie lives to 70 – 100 years

Ipe

Very difficult to kiln dry, air dries rapidly with good results. Air dried to local ambient conditions results in moderate shrinkage and expansion movement in service relative to climate.

Tiger Deck

Difficult to kiln dry, air dries slowly with poor results. Must be kiln dried to low average mc% for exterior service; then has good dimensional stability with only small movement in service.

Ipe

Ready for service (air dried properly) it is moderately difficult to work, has blunting effect on cutting edges, high silica content, finishes smoothly except where grain is roey. 10 degree cutting angle recommended.

Tiger Deck

Ready for service (kiln dried properly) relatively easy to work with carbide cutting tools. 15 degree cutting angle recommended.

Ipe

Odor – some workers report extreme unpleasant odor. Dust – may cause dermatitis or severe sinus related discomfort.

Tiger Deck

Odor – workers report mildly pleasant to no discernable odor. Dust – no negative reactions reported.

Ipe

Very resistant to attack by decay fungi and termites. Not resistant to marine borers. Extremely resistant to preservative treatment and staining, lowest possible viscosity oil is the only practical alternative at this time. Roey grain is a permanent source of slivering and rough surface.

Tiger Deck

Very resistant to attack by decay fungi and termites. Very resistant to marine borers. Extremely resistant to preservative treatment and staining, lowest possible viscosity oil is the only practical alternative at this time. Finished surface stays smooth relative to original machining over time.

Ipe

Closest physical relatives for exterior use and appearance are kiln dried Cumaru (Dipteryx Spp.) and kiln dried Angelim Pedra (Hymenolobium Petraum). No domestic woods with similar characteristics in service.

Tiger Deck

Closest physical relatives for exterior use and appearance are Macassar Ebony (Diospyros Spp.), several Rosewoods (Dalbergia Spp.) and Burmese Teak (Techtona Grandis). Domestic woods are Hawaiian Koa (Acacia Koa) and kiln dried American Dogwood (Cornus Florida).

Ipe

• At 16% MC….NO American Lumber Standards Certification
(MUST BE ENGINEERED FOR SPECIFIC USE)
• Bending Strength - PSI = 25,200
• Modulus of Elasticity - MOE (x1,000) = 3,010
• Maximum Crushing Strength – PSI = 13,010
• Janka Side Hardness – LB = 3,680
• USDA FS laboratory toughness is 404 inch-pounds (5/8 inch thick specimen)
• Class A and Type 1 Critical Radiant Flux (fire ratings)
• Slip Resistance greater than .94 dry and .55 wet (OSHA – UL 410 minimum .50)

Tiger Deck

• At 8% MC…American Lumber Standards Certified Premium R.E.D.
• Bending Strength – PSI = 21,450
• Modulus of Elasticity – MOE (x1,000) = 2,160
• Maximum Crushing Strength – PSI = 10,320
• Janka Side Hardness - LB = 3,122
• USDA FS laboratory toughness is 338 inch-pounds
(5/8 inch thick specimen at 12%mc)
• Class A and Type 1 Critical Radiant Flux (fire ratings)
• Slip Resistance greater than .96 dry and .61 wet
(OSHA –UL 410 minimum .50)